Air advise Inc. (2007) data collection 3/1/2004-12/31/2006 IAQA conference proceedings Oct/2007

Bernstein, J. A., Levin, L., Crandall, M. S., Perez, A., & Lanphear, B. (2005). A pilot study to investigate the effects of combined dehumidification and HEPA filtration on dew point and airborne mold spore counts in day care centers. Indoor Air, 15(6), 402-407.

Bush, R. K., Portnoy, J. M., Saxon, A., Terr, A. I., & Wood, R. A. (2006). The medical effects of mold exposure. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 117(2), 326-333. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2005.12.001 ER

Cabral, Joao PS (2010) Science of the Total Environment, 408, 20, 4285-4295

Caress, Steinemann (2004). Journal of Environmental Health vol 71 #7 Prevalence of fragrance sensitivity in the American population

CDC (2002) Surveillance for Asthma – United States, 1980 –1999 MMWR march 2002 /51 (ss01): 1-13

Chau, C. K., Tse, M. S., & Chung, K. Y. (2010). A choice experiment to estimate the effect of green experience on preferences and willingness-to-pay for green building attributes. Building and Environment, 45(11), 2553-2561.

CMHC (2010) Website:

Daisey JM. Et al. (2003) Indoor air quality, ventilation, and health symptoms in schools: an analysis of existing information, Indoor Air 13:53-64

Dales et al. (1991) Respiratory Health Effects of Homes Dampness and Molds among Canadian Children. Amer Journal of Epidemiology vol 134, No. 2: 196-203

Dales et al. (1997) Indoor air quality and health: validity and determinants of reported home dampness and moulds. Int. J. Epidemiology. 1997:26:120-5

Engvall, K. et al. (2001) Asthma symptoms in relation to building dampness and odour in older multifamily homes in Stockholm. Int. J. Tuberc. Lang. Dis., 5. 468-477.

Fisk W. (2000) Annual Review of the Energy and the Environment Health and Productivity gains from better indoor environment vol. 25. Pp. 537-566

Fisk W. (2001) Indoor Air Quality Handbook "potential annual savings plus productivity gains from improved indoor environments exceed $40 billion in the US alone through reduced symptoms of SBS and respiratory disease"

Fisk, W. J., Lei-Gomez, Q., & Mendell, M. J. (2007). Meta-analyses of the associations of respiratory health effects with dampness and mold in homes. Indoor Air, 17(4), 284-296.

Fisk WJ et al. (2010) Environmental Health Association of residential dampness and mold with respiratory tract infections and bronchitis: a meta-analysis 9:72 doi:10.1186/1476-069x-9-72

Friedl, DR. Lynne ( 2009) Mental health, resiliency and inequalities WHO Europe

FSEC (2010) Website :

Hardin B.D., et al. (2002) Adverse Human Health Effects Associated with Molds in Indoor Environment. ACOEM

Health Canada. 2007. Residential indoor air quality guidelines: Moulds. Ottawa: Health Canada. HC Pub.:4075E. ISBN: 978-0-662-45739-8

Holcomb, L. C., & Pedelty, J. F. (1994). Comparison of employee upper respiratory absenteeism costs with costs associated with improved ventilation. Proceedings of the ASHRAE Annual Meeting, June 25, 1994 - June 29, , 100(2) 914-921.

Hope, A.P., Simon R.A., (2007). Excess dampness and mold growth in homes: an evidence based review of aeroirritant effect and its potential causes. Allergy Asthma Proc. 28:257-8.

Hostland (2010) IAQ studies of 500 residences in Okanagan (2000-2010)

Howden-Chapman, P., Saville-Smith, K., Crane, J., & Wilson, N. (2005). Risk factors for mold in housing: A national survey. Indoor Air, 15(6), 469-476.

Howden-Chapman et al. (2007) BMJ Effect of insulating existing houses on health inequality: cluster randomized study in the community. 2007 334:460- doi: 10.1136/bmj.39070.573032.80

Institute of Medicine (IOM) (2004) Damp Indoor Spaces and Health Washington DC.: National Academies Press; 2004

Jaakkola et al. (2002) Env Health Pers Indoor dampness and molds and development of adult onset asthma v.110(5): 543-547.

Johnson, R., Schmid, J., & Seifert, R. (2002). Assessment of indoor air quality in interior alaskan homes. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 16(4), 218-229.

Kats, G. (2003). The costs and financial benfits of green buildings. A report to California's sustainable building task force.

Kercsmar et al. (2006) Reduction in Asthma Morbidity in Children as a result of Home Remediation Aimed at Moisture Sources. Environmental Health Perspectives vol 114.8 p 1574 - 1580

Koskinen OM et al. (1999): Adverse health effects in children associated with moisture and mold observations in houses. International Journal of Environmental Health Research 1999, 9: 143-156

Koskinen OM et al. (1999):The Relationship between moisture or mould observations in houses and the state of the health of their occupants. Eur. Respir. J., 14. 1363-1367.

Kosonen, R., & Tan, F. (2004). The effect of perceived indoor air quality on productivity loss. Energy and Buildings, 36(10), 981-986.

Langdon, D. (2004). Examining the cost of green.

Langdon, D. (2007). Cost of green revisited- Reexamining the feasibility and cost impact of sustainable design in light of increased market adoption.

Lawrence, Martin (2001), International Journal of Circumpolar Health. .Moulds, moisture and microbial contamination of first nations housing in British Columbia, Canada. Mould in native housing in British Columbia. Nutrition and environment 60/2001 p 150-156

Medhelp(2010) Website: Having mold in one's blood is a very serious condition

Mendell, M.J. et al. (2002) Improving the health of workers in indoor environments : priority research needs for a natl occupational research agenda. Am. J. Public Health. 92.1430-1440/

Mudarri, D., & Fisk, W. J. (2007). Public health and economic impact of dampness and mold. Indoor Air, 17(3), 226-235.

Nafstad. P., et al. (1998) Residential dampness problems and symptoms and signs of bronchial obstruction in young Norwegian children. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 157. 410-414

National Resource Defense Council (2007) Website

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2008. Guidelines on assessment and remediation of fungi in indoor environments.

Park, J., Schleiff, P. L., Attfield, M. D., Cox-Ganser, J., & Kreiss, K. (2004). Building-related respiratory symptoms can be predicted with semi-quantitative indices of exposure to dampness and mold. Indoor Air, 14(6), 425-433.

This paper reviews various studies that link respiratory symptoms and disease to damp residential environments and mold growth and conducted an assessment using a semi-qualitative mold exposure index from 13 NIOSH college building investigations. The findings significantly predicted building related respiratory symptoms with exposure response relationships and suggest the indices of exposure to dampness and mold can support action to prevent building-related respiratory disease. This is supported by three pieces of evidence: one, distribution of symptoms were uneven across two populations with higher incidence in the water damaged building; two, improvement when the affected population was moved; and three, positive exposure-response relationships exist between the indices and the building related respiratory symptoms.

Public Health Agency of Canada [PHAC] (2007) Respiratory Disease in Canada Report Life and Breath (2007) Cat.: HP35-8/2007E-PDF ISBN: 978-0-662-47060-1

Perry T et al. (2003) The prevalence of rat allergen in inner city homes and relationship to sensitization and asthma morbidity. J. Allergy Clin Immunol I12:346-352

Reis, R. et al. (2006). The economic Benefits of Green Buildings- A comprehensive Case Study. The Engineering Economist, 51:259-295

Romm, J.J., and Browning, W.D. (1994). Green the Building and the Bottom Line- Increasing Productivity Through Energy Efficient Design. Rocky Mountain Institute.

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Rosenstreich DL et al. (1997) The role of cockroach allergy and exposure to cockroach allergen in causing morbidity among inner-city children with asthma. N. Engl. J. Med. 336:1356-1363

Sahakian et al. (2008) Immuno Allergy Clin NA vol 28 issue 3 ( august 2008)

Sahakian, N., Park, J., & Cox-Ganser, J. (2009). Respiratory morbidity and medical visits assoc'd with dampness and air-conditioning in offices and homes. Indoor Air, 19(1), 58-67.

This study adds to the literature on respiratory morbidity associated with home and office exposures to mold and dampness. Public health response to less these exposures will improve the health and well-being of residents and workers as well as diminish the economic burden of lost work time and medical costs. Air conditioning has been long thought to improve indoor air quality by lowering ambient outdoor allergens, but reports otherwise are longstanding. This paper is intending to determine whether Previosi's findings in France could be corroborated in the USA. A survey of 4094 participants identified a statistically significant positive association between environmental dampness and health effects such as infections and respiratory symptoms and sick leave. The study attempts to assess the presence of air conditioning to respiratory symptoms and medical visits doctors with research showing an association and with the study indicating at least a relationship exists.

Samet et al. (2003) Am J Public Health Indoor Environments and Health: Moving into the 21st Century. vol 93, no.9

SBW (2003). SBW Consulting Inc. Achieving Silver LEED : Preliminary Benefit-Cost Analysis for Two City of Seattle Facilities. Report submitted to Seattle Office of Sustainability and Environment. Summary available at http// (dec 25, 2008).

Science Daily (2006) Website:

Senge, Peter et al. 2010 The Necessary Revolution, Working Together to Create a Sustainable World, Broadway books New York ISBN 978-0-385-51904-5

Seppanen, O., & Fisk, W. J. (2005). A model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of improving office work through indoor environmental control. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, ASHRAE 2005 Annual Meeting, June 25, 2005 - June 29, , 111 PART 2 663-672.

Seuri, M., Husman, K., Kinnunen, H., Reiman, M., Kreus, R., Kuronen, P., Lehtomäki, K., & Paananen, M. (2000). An outbreak of respiratory diseases among workers at a water-damaged building--a case report. Indoor Air, 10(3), 138-145.

Shaw, Salares, Magee, Kanabus-Kaminska (1997) Improvement of indoor air quality in four problem homes. CMHC Building and environment 34(1999) 57-69

Singh, A., Syal et al. (2009) Life cycle cost analysis of occupant well-being and productivity in LEED offices Michigan State University May 2009

Singh J., Yu, CWF, Kim, J. (2010) Building pathology, Investigation of Sick Buildings – Toxic Mould. Indoor and Built Environment 2010;19;1:40-47

Spetic, W., Kozak, R., & Cohen, D. (2005). Willingness to pay and preferences for healthy home attributes in Canada. Forest Products Journal, 55(10), 19-24.

Storey, Dangman, Schenck, DeBernardo, Yang, Backer, Hodgson (2004) Guidance for clinicians on the Recognition and Management of Health Effects Related to Mold exposure and Moisture Indoors.

Tuomainen, M., Tuomainen, A., Liesivuori, J., & Pasanen, A. (2003). The 3-year follow-up study in a block of flats - experiences in the use of the finnish indoor climate classification. Indoor Air, 13(2), 136-147.

US EPA (1989) Report to congress on IAQ EPA 400-1-89-001C.

US EPA (2010) Website:

Verhoeff, Burge (1997) Annals of allergy, asthma, & Immunology Health risk assessment of fungi in home environments vol 78:544-56

Wellington Spetic, Robert Kozak, & David Cohen. (2005). Willingness to pay and preferences for healthy home attributes in Canada. Forest Products Journal, 55(10), 19-24. Retrieved August 7, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 915929741).

Wendt, R., Aglan, H., Livengood, S., Khan, M., Ibrahim, E., Heidenreich, M., Aglan, H. A., Leroy, J., & Wellford, B. W. (2004). Indoor air quality of an energy-efficient, healthy house with mechanically induced fresh air. Technical and Symposium Papers - 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, June 26, 2004 - June 30, , 110 PART II 77-84.

Wikipedia (2011) .. /rate_ratio .. /incidence_rate

World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe: WHO guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Dampness and Mould. In: WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Bonn, Germany; 2009:

Wu, Jacobs, Mitchell, Miller, and Karol (2007): Environmental Health Perspectives Improving Indoor Environmental Quality for Public Health vol 115 #6 June 2007 p 956

Zock, J. et al. (2002) Housing characteristics, reported mold exposure, and asthma in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 110. 285-292

This international study found a large percentage of homes with water damage (12%), water in basement (2%), and mould (22%) during the previous year.

Zureik M et al. (2002) Sensitization to airborne moulds and severity of asthma: cross sectional study from European Community respiratory health survey. BMJ 325:411-419

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